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GetWindowPlacement (user32)

C# Signature:

/// <summary>
/// Retrieves the show state and the restored, minimized, and maximized positions of the specified window.
/// </summary>
/// <param name="hWnd">
/// A handle to the window.
/// </param>
/// <param name="lpwndpl">
/// A pointer to the WINDOWPLACEMENT structure that receives the show state and position information.
/// <para>
/// Before calling GetWindowPlacement, set the length member to sizeof(WINDOWPLACEMENT). GetWindowPlacement fails if lpwndpl-> length is not set correctly.
/// </para>
/// </param>
/// <returns>
/// If the function succeeds, the return value is nonzero.
/// <para>
/// If the function fails, the return value is zero. To get extended error information, call GetLastError.
/// </para>
/// </returns>
[DllImport("user32.dll", SetLastError = true)]
[return: MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.Bool)]
internal static extern bool GetWindowPlacement(IntPtr hWnd, ref WINDOWPLACEMENT lpwndpl);

VB.NET Signature:

<DllImport("user32.dll")> _
Private Shared Function GetWindowPlacement(ByVal hWnd As IntPtr, ByRef lpwndpl As WINDOWPLACEMENT) As Boolean
End Function

VB Signature:

Public Declare Function GetWindowPlacement Lib "user32" _
          (ByVal hWnd As Long, _
           ByRef lpwndpl As WINDOWPLACEMENT) As Long

User-Defined Types:




Tips & Tricks:

For C# only: It seems you have to do rcNormalPosition.Width - rcNormalPosition.X to get the actual width because "Width" is actually a "Right", same goes for height.

C# Sample Code:

public class Sample

    [return: MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.Bool)]
    static extern bool GetWindowPlacement(IntPtr hWnd, ref WINDOWPLACEMENT lpwndpl);

    private struct WINDOWPLACEMENT
        public int length;
        public int flags;
        public int showCmd;
        public System.Drawing.Point ptMinPosition;
        public System.Drawing.Point ptMaxPosition;
        public System.Drawing.Rectangle rcNormalPosition;

    const UInt32 SW_HIDE =         0;
    const UInt32 SW_SHOWNORMAL =       1;
    const UInt32 SW_NORMAL =       1;
    const UInt32 SW_SHOWMINIMIZED =    2;
    const UInt32 SW_SHOWMAXIMIZED =    3;
    const UInt32 SW_MAXIMIZE =     3;
    const UInt32 SW_SHOWNOACTIVATE =   4;
    const UInt32 SW_SHOW =         5;
    const UInt32 SW_MINIMIZE =     6;
    const UInt32 SW_SHOWMINNOACTIVE =  7;
    const UInt32 SW_SHOWNA =       8;
    const UInt32 SW_RESTORE =      9;


    private void GetPlacement()
       placement.length = Marshal.SizeOf(placement);
       GetWindowPlacement(this.Handle, ref placement);

VB Sample Code:

Public Class Form1

    Private Declare Function GetWindowPlacement Lib "user32" (ByVal hwnd As IntPtr, ByRef lpwndpl As WINDOWPLACEMENT) As Integer

    Private Structure POINTAPI
         Public x As Integer
         Public y As Integer
    End Structure

    Private Structure RECT
         Public Left As Integer
         Public Top As Integer
         Public Right As Integer
         Public Bottom As Integer
    End Structure

    Private Structure WINDOWPLACEMENT
         Public Length As Integer
         Public flags As Integer
         Public showCmd As Integer
         Public ptMinPosition As POINTAPI
         Public ptMaxPosition As POINTAPI
         Public rcNormalPosition As RECT
    End Structure

    Private Sub Form1_Click(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles Me.Click

        Dim intRet As Integer
        Dim wpTemp As WINDOWPLACEMENT

        wpTemp.Length = System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal.SizeOf(wpTemp)
        intRet = GetWindowPlacement(Me.Handle.ToInt32, wpTemp)

        If wpTemp.showCmd = 1 Then
        ElseIf wpTemp.showCmd = 2 Then
        ElseIf wpTemp.showCmd = 3 Then
        End If

    End Sub

End Class

Alternative Managed API:

The ManagedWindowsApi project ( provides a

class ManagedWinapi.SystemWindow that has a Position property.


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