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WinVerifyTrust (wintrust)

C# Signature:

[DllImport("wintrust.dll", ExactSpelling = true, SetLastError = false, CharSet = CharSet.Unicode)]
static extern WinVerifyTrustResult WinVerifyTrust(
     [In] IntPtr hwnd,
     [In] [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.LPStruct)] Guid pgActionID,
     [In] WinTrustData pWVTData

VB Signature:

Declare Function WinVerifyTrust Lib "wintrust.dll" (TODO) As TODO

User-Defined Types:

namespace Security.WinTrust
    using System;
    using System.Runtime.InteropServices;

    #region WinTrustData struct field enums
    enum WinTrustDataUIChoice : uint
        All = 1,
        None = 2,
        NoBad = 3,
        NoGood = 4

    enum WinTrustDataRevocationChecks : uint
        None = 0x00000000,
        WholeChain = 0x00000001

    enum WinTrustDataChoice : uint
        File = 1,
        Catalog = 2,
        Blob = 3,
        Signer = 4,
        Certificate = 5

    enum WinTrustDataStateAction : uint
        Ignore = 0x00000000,
        Verify = 0x00000001,
        Close = 0x00000002,
        AutoCache = 0x00000003,
        AutoCacheFlush = 0x00000004

    enum WinTrustDataProvFlags : uint
        UseIe4TrustFlag = 0x00000001,
        NoIe4ChainFlag = 0x00000002,
        NoPolicyUsageFlag = 0x00000004,
        RevocationCheckNone = 0x00000010,
        RevocationCheckEndCert = 0x00000020,
        RevocationCheckChain = 0x00000040,
        RevocationCheckChainExcludeRoot = 0x00000080,
        SaferFlag = 0x00000100,        // Used by software restriction policies. Should not be used.
        HashOnlyFlag = 0x00000200,
        UseDefaultOsverCheck = 0x00000400,
        LifetimeSigningFlag = 0x00000800,
        CacheOnlyUrlRetrieval = 0x00001000,      // affects CRL retrieval and AIA retrieval
        DisableMD2andMD4 = 0x00002000      // Win7 SP1+: Disallows use of MD2 or MD4 in the chain except for the root

    enum WinTrustDataUIContext : uint
        Execute = 0,
        Install = 1

    #region WinTrust structures
    [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential, CharSet = CharSet.Unicode)]
    class WinTrustFileInfo
        UInt32 StructSize = (UInt32)Marshal.SizeOf(typeof(WinTrustFileInfo));
        IntPtr pszFilePath;                     // required, file name to be verified
        IntPtr hFile = IntPtr.Zero;             // optional, open handle to FilePath
        IntPtr pgKnownSubject = IntPtr.Zero;    // optional, subject type if it is known

        public WinTrustFileInfo(String _filePath)
            pszFilePath = Marshal.StringToCoTaskMemAuto(_filePath);

    [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential, CharSet = CharSet.Unicode)]
    class WinTrustData
        UInt32 StructSize = (UInt32)Marshal.SizeOf(typeof(WinTrustData));
        IntPtr PolicyCallbackData = IntPtr.Zero;
        IntPtr SIPClientData = IntPtr.Zero;
        // required: UI choice
        WinTrustDataUIChoice UIChoice = WinTrustDataUIChoice.None;
        // required: certificate revocation check options
        WinTrustDataRevocationChecks RevocationChecks = WinTrustDataRevocationChecks.None;
        // required: which structure is being passed in?
        WinTrustDataChoice UnionChoice = WinTrustDataChoice.File;
        // individual file
        IntPtr FileInfoPtr;
        WinTrustDataStateAction StateAction = WinTrustDataStateAction.Ignore;
        IntPtr StateData = IntPtr.Zero;
        String URLReference = null;
        WinTrustDataProvFlags ProvFlags = WinTrustDataProvFlags.RevocationCheckChainExcludeRoot;
        WinTrustDataUIContext UIContext = WinTrustDataUIContext.Execute;

        // constructor for silent WinTrustDataChoice.File check
        public WinTrustData(String _fileName)
            // On Win7SP1+, don't allow MD2 or MD4 signatures
            if ((Environment.OSVersion.Version.Major > 6) ||
                ((Environment.OSVersion.Version.Major == 6) && (Environment.OSVersion.Version.Minor > 1)) ||
                ((Environment.OSVersion.Version.Major == 6) && (Environment.OSVersion.Version.Minor == 1) && !String.IsNullOrEmpty(Environment.OSVersion.ServicePack)))
               ProvFlags |= WinTrustDataProvFlags.DisableMD2andMD4;

            WinTrustFileInfo wtfiData = new WinTrustFileInfo(_fileName);
            FileInfoPtr = Marshal.AllocCoTaskMem(Marshal.SizeOf(typeof(WinTrustFileInfo)));
            Marshal.StructureToPtr(wtfiData, FileInfoPtr, false);

     enum WinVerifyTrustResult : uint
         Success = 0,
         ProviderUnknown = 0x800b0001,           // Trust provider is not recognized on this system
         ActionUnknown = 0x800b0002,         // Trust provider does not support the specified action
         SubjectFormUnknown = 0x800b0003,        // Trust provider does not support the form specified for the subject
         SubjectNotTrusted = 0x800b0004,         // Subject failed the specified verification action
         FileNotSigned = 0x800B0100,         // TRUST_E_NOSIGNATURE - File was not signed
         SubjectExplicitlyDistrusted = 0x800B0111,   // Signer's certificate is in the Untrusted Publishers store
         SignatureOrFileCorrupt = 0x80096010,    // TRUST_E_BAD_DIGEST - file was probably corrupt
         SubjectCertExpired = 0x800B0101,        // CERT_E_EXPIRED - Signer's certificate was expired
         SubjectCertificateRevoked = 0x800B010C,     // CERT_E_REVOKED Subject's certificate was revoked
         UntrustedRoot = 0x800B0109          // CERT_E_UNTRUSTEDROOT - A certification chain processed correctly but terminated in a root certificate that is not trusted by the trust provider.

    sealed class WinTrust
        private static readonly IntPtr INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE = new IntPtr(-1);
        // GUID of the action to perform
        private const string WINTRUST_ACTION_GENERIC_VERIFY_V2 = "{00AAC56B-CD44-11d0-8CC2-00C04FC295EE}";

        [DllImport("wintrust.dll", ExactSpelling = true, SetLastError = false, CharSet = CharSet.Unicode)]
        static extern WinVerifyTrustResult WinVerifyTrust(
            [In] IntPtr hwnd,
            [In] [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.LPStruct)] Guid pgActionID,
            [In] WinTrustData pWVTData

        // call WinTrust.WinVerifyTrust() to check embedded file signature
        public static bool VerifyEmbeddedSignature(string fileName)
            WinTrustData wtd = new WinTrustData(fileName);
            Guid guidAction = new Guid(WINTRUST_ACTION_GENERIC_VERIFY_V2);
            WinVerifyTrustResult result = WinVerifyTrust(INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE, guidAction, wtd);
            bool ret = (result == WinVerifyTrustResult.Success);
            return ret;
        private WinTrust() { }

Alternative Managed API:



I noted that under some cicumstances the destructors are called too early and memory is corrupted, therefore WinVerifyTrust returning FileNotSigned even if the file was actually signed. I recommend replacing the destructors with Dispose() and calling dispose at the end of VerifyEmbeddedSignature().


[Michael Zarlenga] First, thank you so much for this code! You saved me a lot of work and time. I also experienced corrupted memory issues (access violation exceptions). The problem is, as soon as you exit the WinTrustData constructor, WinTrustFileInfo can be destroyed, before (or even during) the call into WinVerifyTrust. To explicitly call .Dispose() on WinTrustFileInfo from WinTrustData, you need the object reference held in a scope external to the constructor but then sizeof WinTrustData will be wrong. Long story short, I solved that by instantiating a WinTrustFileInfo object myself and passing that to the WinTrustData constructor to use. I implemented .Dispose on both WinTrustData and WinTrustFileInfo and called them both, myself, after the call to WinVerifyTrust completed:


        WinTrustFileInfo winTrustFileInfo = null;
        WinTrustData     winTrustData     = null;

        // specify the WinVerifyTrust function/action that we want
        Guid action = new Guid(WINTRUST_ACTION_GENERIC_VERIFY_V2);

        // instantiate our WinTrustFileInfo and WinTrustData data structures
        winTrustFileInfo = new WinTrustFileInfo(filename);
        winTrustData     = new WinTrustData(filename, winTrustFileInfo);

        // call into WinVerifyTrust
        return WinVerifyTrust(INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE, action, winTrustData);
        // free the locally-held unmanaged memory in the data structures
        if (winTrustFileInfo != null) winTrustFileInfo.Dispose();
        if (winTrustData     != null) winTrustData.Dispose();


Tips & Tricks:

    static public bool CheckFile(string filename)
        // check digital signature
        bool ret = WinTrust.VerifyEmbeddedSignature(filename);
        // do some other checks - for example verify the subject
        X509Certificate2 cert = new X509Certificate2(filename);
        return ret && cert.Verify() && cert.Subject == <CN=you, O=you,....>;

Sample Code:

System.Console.WriteLine("Signature is OK: {0}", WinTrust.VerifyEmbeddedSignature(fileName));


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