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ConvertSidToStringSid (advapi32)
The ConvertSidToStringSid function converts a security identifier (SID) to a string format suitable for display, storage, or transmission.

C# Signature:

[DllImport("advapi32", CharSet=CharSet.Auto, SetLastError=true)]
static extern bool ConvertSidToStringSid(
    [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.LPArray)] byte [] pSID,
    out IntPtr ptrSid);

VB Signature:

Declare Auto Function ConvertSidToStringSid Lib "advapi32.dll" (ByVal pSID() As Byte, _
   ByRef ptrSid As IntPtr) As Boolean



As explained here, memory for the returned unmanaged string must be freed by calling LocalFree. Therefore, you must define the string as an IntPtr in managed code and call LocalFree yourself. Otherwise, the marshaler would call CoTaskMemFree which is not correct in this case.

Tips & Tricks:

Please add some!

Sample Code:

// C# sample
public static string GetSidString(byte[] sid)
   IntPtr ptrSid;
   string sidString;
   if (!ConvertSidToStringSid(sid,out ptrSid))
     throw new System.ComponentModel.Win32Exception();
     sidString = Marshal.PtrToStringAuto(ptrSid);
   return sidString;

Another C# Sample that converts a sid from a DirectoryEntry object

private string GetTextualSID(DirectoryEntry objGroup){
  string sSID = string.Empty;
  byte[] SID = objGroup.Properties["objectSID"].Value as byte[];
  IntPtr sidPtr = Marshal.AllocHGlobal( SID.Length);
  sSID = "";
  System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal.Copy(SID, 0, sidPtr, SID.Length);
  ConvertSidToStringSid((IntPtr)sidPtr, ref sSID);
  System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal.FreeHGlobal( sidPtr );
  return sSID;}    

'VB Sample
Public Shared Function ByteArrayToStringSid(ByRef bArray As Byte()) As String
   Dim ptrSID As IntPtr = Nothing
     Dim sSID As String = String.Empty
     If ConvertSidToStringSid(bArray, ptrSID) = True Then
       'The PtrToStringXXX call here needs to match the CharSet used on your
       'ConvertSidToStringSid DllImport.  The default is CharSet.Ansi.
       sSID = System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal.PtrToStringAnsi(ptrSID)
     End If
     Return sSID
   End Try
End Function

Alternative Managed API:

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